Shukto | Bengali Style Mixed Vegetables cooked in a mustard and poppy seed paste

Shukto | Bengali Style Mixed Vegetables for Durga Puja

With Durga Puja festivities in the air, Bengali food is on my mind. Today I present Shukto, which is a whole load of vegetables cooked in a mustard and poppy seed paste and milk. The result is a very different tasting vegetable that tastes phenomenal with hot rice and ghee. My colleagues at work polished it off and asked for the recipe immediately. 🙂

What I loved about Shukto was that it used loads and loads of vegetables, just like Avial from Tamil Nadu or Pindi Miriyam from Andhra Pradesh. Also, it is very lightly spiced with just some ginger and Panch Phoran, yet rich because of the Mustard and Poppy Seed paste and milk that is used in cooking.

Here is a Collection of Recipes for Durga Puja that you may want to try!

Shukto | Bengali Recipe for Durga Puja
Shukto | Bengali Recipe for Durga Puja

How to Make Shukto

Preparation Time: 15 Minutes

Soaking Time: 30 Minutes

Cook Time: 45 Minutes


  1. Radish – 75 gms
  2. Thin Long Purple Brinjals – 75 gms
  3. Bitter Gourd, Karela – 75 gms
  4. Raw Banana – 75 gms
  5. Potato – 75 gms
  6. Sweet Potato – 75 gms
  7. Beans – 75 gms
  8. Drumstick – 75 gms
  9. Mung Dal Vadi, Bori – 10 to 15
  10. Milk – 1 Cup
  11. Panch Phoran – 1 tbsp
  12. Mustard Seeds – 1 tbsp
  13. Poppy Seeds – 2 tbsp
  14. Grated Ginger – 1 tsp
  15. Turmeric – 1/4 tsp
  16. Mustard Oil – 4 to 6 tbsp
  17. Ghee – 1 tbsp
  18. Sugar – 1 tsp
  19. Salt to Taste
  20. Water

Making the Paste

  1. Soak the mustard and poppy seeds together in 1/2 cup warm water for at least 30 minutes.
  2. Grind into a smooth paste along with the turmeric.
  3. Set aside.

Preparing the Vegetables

  1. Peel the radish, sweet potato, banana, and potato.
  2. Cut them into 2″ long wedges about 1/4″ thick.
  3. Cut the karela, beans, drumstick, and brinjals into similar 2″ long pieces.
  4. Cut the drumstick into 2″ long pieces.

Frying the Vegetables and Bori

  1. Heat the mustard oil to smoking point and turn white.
  2. Lower the heat and wait for the oil to cool a bit.
  3. Keep the heat to medium.
  4. Fry the moong dal vadi/bori.
  5. Set aside.
  6. Except drumstick, fry each of vegetables one at a time, till they start browning at the edges. Fry the karela at the very end.
  7. Set aside.

Making the Shukto

  1. Over a low to medium flame, heat the ghee.
  2. Add the Panch Phoran.
  3. Stir-fry till aromatic.
  4. Add the grated ginger and fry for a few seconds.
  5. Add the mustard-poppy seed paste.
  6. Stir-fry till the raw smell disappears.
  7. Ensure that the flame is low-medium.
  8. Add milk and bring to a gentle simmer.
  9. Add all vegetables into drumsticks.
  10. Add about 1/2 cup water.
  11. Cover and cook till the vegetables are cooked and the gravy thickens. Add more milk or water, if required.
  12. Turn off the heat.
  13. Add sugar and salt.
  14. Stir well.
  15. Just before serving add the bori and mix well.
  16. Serve the Shukto warm with steamed rice and ghee.


  • I pan-fried the vegetables on a non-stick using as little oil as possible.
  • Bengalis use Radhuni in the tempering and recommend Panch Phoran as a substitute. Since I did not have Radhuni, I used Panch Phoran.
  • Use mustard oil if possible as it adds a certain Je Ne Sais Quoi to the Shukto.

Shukto from Bengal for Durga Puja

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